Sweden becomes the latest European nation to explicitly permit regulated embryonic stem cell research and the associated technology of therapeutic cloning (or somatic cell nuclear transfer, as it is referred to in this article). "It is hoped that stem cell research will be able to lead to new methods of treatment for serious, currently incurable diseases like Parkinson's disease, diabetes and cardio-vascular diseases. It is also hoped that it will be possible to repair serious tissue damage such as injuries to spinal bone marrow. The objective is to replace dead cells with healthy ones and in this way restore functions that have been lost." Has the tide turned past the point of serious political opposition to this vital field of research? We can certainly hope so.