AGE Levels Correlate With Cognitive Decline

An accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) is one of the changes thought to be a root cause of aging. The research quoted below is only a correlation, but there is plenty more where this came from to back up the viewpoint of AGEs as a contributing cause of aging: "Several studies report that diabetes increases risk of cognitive impairment; some have hypothesized that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) underlie this association. AGEs are cross-linked products that result from reactions between glucose and proteins. Little is known about the association between peripheral AGE concentration and cognitive aging. ... We prospectively studied 920 elders without dementia, 495 with diabetes and 425 with normal glucose (mean age 74.0 years). Using mixed models, we examined baseline AGE concentration, measured with urine pentosidine and analyzed as tertile, and performance on the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) and Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) at baseline and repeatedly over 9 years. ... Older adults with high pentosidine level had worse baseline DSST score but not different 3MS score. On both tests, there was a more pronounced 9-year decline in those with high and mid pentosidine level compared to those in the lowest tertile ... [Thus] high peripheral AGE level is associated with greater cognitive decline in older adults with and without diabetes."

Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21900628

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