Cellular Senescence Contributes to Lung Aging

Senescent cells accumulate in tissues throughout the body with age, the lung included, as noted here. This accumulation is thought to be largely the result of the progressive failure of the immune system to destroy newly created senescent cells in a timely fashion. These cells secrete a mix of signals that disrupts tissue structure and function, provoking chronic inflammation. Senolytic therapies capable of selectively destroying senescent cells have shown considerable promise in animal studies, reversing many aspects of aging and age-related disease. Senescent cells actively maintain a degraded state of tissue, and getting rid of them allows some degree of regeneration and restoration of lost function - a true rejuvenation therapy.

Aging results in systemic changes that leave older adults at much higher risk for adverse outcomes following respiratory infections. Much work has been done over the years to characterize and describe the varied changes that occur with aging from the molecular/cellular up to the organismal level. In recent years, the systemic accumulation of senescent cells has emerged as a key mediator of many age-related declines and diseases of aging. Many of these age-related changes can impair the normal function of the respiratory system and its capability to respond appropriately to potential pathogens that are encountered daily.

In this review, we aim to establish the effects of cellular senescence on the disruption of normal lung function with aging and describe how these effects compound to leave an aged respiratory system at great risk when exposed to a pathogen. We will also discuss the role cellular senescence may play in the inability of most vaccines to confer protection against respiratory infections when administered to older adults. We posit that cellular senescence may be the point of convergence of many age-related immunological declines. Enhanced investigation into this area could provide much needed insight to understand the aging immune system and how to effectively ameliorate responses to pathogens that continue to disproportionately harm this vulnerable population.

Link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2022.1006710


From my understanding a lot of lingering senescent cells are basically pre-cancer waiting on the bench...

And constant inflammation leads causes ScC which eventually can lead to cancer, as is the case with smoking and asbestos exposure.

Posted by: Cuberat at September 28th, 2022 3:31 PM
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